This is a download from bbc learning english. to find out more, visit our website. 6 Minute English from bbclearningenglish Hello and welcome to 6 Minute English. I’m Alice And I’m Neil. The BBC’s 100 Women season is back this week. It will explore women’s stories of defiance. And it will include stories of women who inspired us. And that’s what we are going to talk about.
Today. and which woman has inspired you, alice? Oh, well, I have many female role models and this means people looked to by others as examples to be followed. But I must say I have a great admiration for the suffragettes. Ah, the women who fought for the right to vote in the UK! Yes, I think they were very brave. Yes, so do I. Let’s see how much you know about it, Neil. This is today’s quiz question for you: Which was the first country to give.
All women the right to vote in public elections? was it a) Finland? b) New Zealand? Or c) The US? I’m going to say a) Finland. Well, we’ll see if you were right or not later on in the show. // Here in Britain, women’s groups lobbied or tried to persuade parliament for decades before eventually winning the right for all women to vote in 1928. So why did it take so long?.
Because parliament didn’t see votes for women as a priority. then, 30% of men still didn’t have the vote either and politicians felt they needed to address this before thinking about the woman question’ as it was known. The thing is, without the power to vote it’s hard to influence public policy. Politicians are worried about losing popularity with the electorate that’s the people who are allowed to vote. Women had to find a voice and the Suffragette Movement gave them a voice.
There were several activists in this movement, but perhaps the most famous was emmeline pankhurst. Emmeline Pankhurst campaigned fearlessly for women’s rights for all women aristocratic ladies, factory workers, conservatives, socialists. Let’s listen to Julia Bush, author of Women Against the Vote, talking more about this suffragette leader. She was a very charismatic leader, one of the great women of the 19th century. And she had a deep compassion for the plight of women. And in particular she was fired by the inequalities.
That women experienced at that time. it wasn’t just about the parliamentary vote, the suffragette Movement, it was, she in particular wanted wider reforms for women, an improvement in women’s status and position. Author Julia Bush.She talks about the plight of women. Plight means ‘a bad situation’. Women did have a really hard time back then especially working class women. And they had little hope of improving their lives because they had no public voice. So that’s what Julia Bush means when she says.
Mrs pankhurst wanted wider reforms access to better schools for women, to university, to better paid jobs and professional careers. And it was a big challenge to be heard. June Purvis, Emeritus Professor of Women’s and Gender History at the University of Portsmouth here in the UK, talks about how the suffragettes started to raise their profile or get noticed with deeds not words. You have women interrupting theatre plays, getting thrown out of church services for interrupting, getting thrown out of Lyons.
Corner house for standing up on chairs and having little impromptu meetings. but militancy also takes on other forms. It takes on forms of direct action, which start with large demonstrations when women will not be turned back by the police and then it moves on in other forms as well to criminal damage. So women started to interrupt public events to talk about their right to vote. An impromptu meeting is one that hasn’t been planned. Lyons Corner House was a chain of teashops popular at the time. You can imagine.
CNN Student News March 9 2016
Hi. i`m carl azuz, delivering 10 minutes of international current events. At the midpoint of the week, we`re starting with news about Iran. The Middle Eastern country tested out a number of ballistic missiles yesterday that has the international community, including the U.S., concern because it might break a United Nations resolution. It calls on Iran not to develop missiles that could carry nuclear weapons. Iran says it doesn`t have nuclear weapons and that this missile launch only tested conventional weapons.
But a u.s. government source said the u.n. security council might investigate the launch and consider action against Iran. The Obama administration says the test did not violate a controversial nuclear deal with Iran that the U.S. led last year. Our next story, the U.S. military says a terrorist group in Africa took a major hit over the weekend. Al Shabaab, which is based in the East African nation of Somalia, was a target of a U.S. airstrike. American officials say the Islamic militant group had about 200 fighters.
At a camp and that they posed an imminent threat because they were planning some type of a major attack, possibly targeting American and African Union military forces in Somalia. But in Saturday`s airstrike, U.S. authorities believe as many as 150 al Shabaab members were killed by drones and manned aircraft. An official from al Shabaab disputes that number, saying only a few fighters died in the assault. Either way, the strike, while destructive, is not expected to eliminate the threat from these terrorists.
The terror group al shabaab is becoming deadlier and more ambitious. AlShabaab means the youth in Arabic, and it`s a group that`s risen out of the chaos of the failed state of Somalia. The irony is, as it`s gained more international prominence, it`s actually ground at home due to infighting within the group, successful operations by government forces, but also drone strikes by the U.S. At the same time, though, it`s become more aggressive abroad, particularly in September.
2013, when it carried out the westgate mall attack which killed more than 60 people. more recently, in April, the attack at Garissa University in Kenya that killed more than 150. Like ISIS, alShabaab has a powerful presence on the Web, particularly in terms of recruiting. An added threat are alShabaab`s deep ties to the U.S. A number of Somali Americans have gone to Somalia to join the ranks of alShabaab. Some of them have become suicide bombers.
A man from alabama, omar hammami, became the rapping jihadi, powerful in their recruiting tutorials, though he was later killed. U.S. counterterror officials are seeing more communication, as well as the sharing of knowhow and technology between alShabaab and other al Qaedatied groups such as AQAP in Yemen, and they say a credible next step would be cooperation on joint terror operations abroad. For a long time, alShabaab has been seen primarily as a domestic threat in Somalia,.
But more and more, it`s seen as an international one. International Women`s Day is a worldwide event that`s been sponsored by the United Nations since 1975. But the holiday itself has been celebrated on March 8th, since 1921. Women suffrage, their right to vote, was a major catalyst for the event. Today, the holiday continues to promote women`s rights, focusing specifically this year on gender parity, achieving worldwide equality for women in areas like education, politics.
And health. Musical performances, marches, rallies, all part of the event yesterday. The U.N. says it organized International Women`s Day event in dozen of countries from India to Albania. In many public areas in Saudi Arabia, women and men are separated. It`s a country that`s been criticized for women`s rights, but things there are changing. I`ve spent years covering the Middle East and the Gulf region, and the issue of women`s.